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Featured resource:

One way to understand phenology is through the news. Two recent stories illustrate how natural cycles are tied to climate, and how organisms might be adapting their phenology as the climate changes.

Minnesota: 'Just a teeny little trickle': Checking in on maple syrup flows in unusually warm January (MPR, January 31, 2024)

Global: Warm weather keeps migratory cranes in Hungary longer (Reuters, November 2, 2023)

For Educators

Social context for place-based learning:

Season Watch offers phenology as a lens for understanding Minnesota. A recommended complementary resource is "Sites of Resistance and Resilience in the Twin Cities," which uses social justice as a lens for understanding this place.

Understand Native Minnesota ( shares accurate information through a dedicated campaign in Minnesota’s K-12 education system to improve younger generations’ understanding of the state’s tribes and Native peoples. Their work includes research, educator academies, and publications for educators seeking standards-based teaching resources. Their latest publications include:


Curricula and lesson plans:

Nature's Notebook Education


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Access the Archive

This newsletter is written and distributed by Northern Community Radio, a Season Watch partner organization.

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Visit for an archive of phenology content (radio programs, newsletters, and more).

Visit for local nature news, interviews with scientists, and series on local conservation topics.

Indigenous phenology

The Dakota and Anishinaabe were among the earliest people to understand Minnesota's biodiversity in relation to climate and seasons. However, Indigenous phenological knowledge is not covered on this website. Below are a few relevant resources, with an emphasis on Indigenous authorship whenever possible:

Ecological knowledge & Understanding Native Minnesota

Understanding Native Minnesota grants fund the following projects, relevant to the topic of phenology and Minnesota ecology:

  • Wakaŋ Tipi Awaŋyaŋkapi is developing K-12 curriculum, teaching materials and exhibits for the Wakaŋ Tipi Center to be opened in 2025.
  • The Bell Museum is developing field trip offerings for grades 2-5 focused on traditional Indigenous ecological and astronomical knowledge.
  • Wolf Ridge Environmental Learning Center is developing and integrating Dakota and Ojibwe content into the curricula of its programming for outdoor school groups and educators.
  • Development and distribution of teaching resources and professional development on Indigenous fire practices and culture, including a book giveaway of the forthcoming book “Wildfire: The Culture, Science, and Future of Fire” in partnership with the Minnesota Science Teachers Association. 

Community networks:



  • Dakota Moons, an article from Hoċokata Ti Cultural Center's newsfeed
  • Owámniyuomni ed Wathóthoka kiŋ is a StoryMap about several plants important to Dakota people. Although this resource does not focus on phenology, seasonal timing has always been an important aspect of relationships between plants and people.

Academic writing:

Climate change

Phenology is integrally linked to climate, and therefore to climate change. Although the Season Watch website does not have a section dedicated to this topic, several relevant resources are listed below: